Wuhan University

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Offering Medical Education in China
Wuhan University is a key university directly under the administration of the Education
Ministry of the People's Republic of China. It is located in Hubei Province's capital Wuhan
known as
"The thoroughfare leading to nine provinces". The university has rolling
physical features with the scenic Luojia Hill in it and the beautiful East Lake by its side,
seeming in picturesque disorder. Its campus is wooded and green, and has fragrant
flowers everywhere all the year round; the buildings are in special architectural styles,
magnificent and mansion-looking. For the above reasons, Wuhan University is widely
known as one of the most beautiful universities in the world.

Wuhan University is located in Wuhan, one center city of Middle China. Wuhan
University boasts the most beautiful university in China. Wuhan University is one of
famous universities in China for its science and liberal arts subjects. In modern
history of China, many famous men graduated from this campus.

The university dates back to Ziqiang Institute, which was founded in 1893 by Zhang
Zhidong, governor of Hubei and Hunan Provinces in late Qing Dynasty after his memorial
to the throne was approved by the Qing Government. Later, it changed its name several
times before it was named National Wuhan University in July 1928. During the War of
Resistance against Japan, Wuhan University moved to Leshan, Sichuan Province and
returned to Luojia Hill after the victory of the war. By the end of 1946, the university had six
colleges, i.e., the colleges of liberal arts, law, sciences, engineering, agriculture and
medicine. Wuhan University had a glorious revolutionary tradition and enjoyed a very high
academic status, with Wang Shijie, Wang Xinggong and Zhou Gengsheng as its
successive presidents. Zhou Enlai, Dong Biwu, Chen Tanqiu, Deng Yingchao and Luo
Ronghuan, et al. were once engaged one after another in revolutionary activities here,
while a great number of well-known scholars like Gu Hongming, Zhu Kezhen, Wu
Baoliang, Zha Qian, Gui Zhiting, Ye Yage, Li Siguang, Wen Yiduo, Huang Kan, Yu Dafu,
Shen Congwen, Zhu Guangqian, Liu Ze, Liu Yongji, Ye Shengtao, Yang Duanliu and Li
Jiannong taught here successively. In 1948, Oxford University of Britain wrote an official
letter to the Ministry of Education of the Chinese National Government, confirming that
bachelors of liberal arts and sciences graduated from Wuhan University and with average
grades above 80 could enjoy "the senior status of Oxford".

Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, the Chinese Communist Party and
the Government have attached great importance to Wuhan University. Mao Zedong, Ye
Jianying, Peng Dehuai, Zhang Wentian, Lu Dingyi and others had inspectional the
university personally. In 1952, after a general reshuffle of the colleges and departments of
the higher educational institutions throughout the country, Wuhan University became a
key university of liberal arts and sciences directly under the administration of the Ministry
of Higher Education. Professor Li Da, Delegate to the First Congress of the Chinese
Communist Party and a celebrated philosopher, economist and academician of the
Chinese Academy of Sciences, held the post of president of the university for 14 years,
during which the quality of teaching and the level of scientific research were further

Since the start of China's reform and open policy, the university has achieved the
-world's-attention-attracting achievements through its courageous reforming, opening up,
and advancing in every aspect. Approved by the State Council, was founded on August
2nd, 2000 the new Wuhan University----an amalgamation of the original Wuhan
University, Wuhan University of Hydraulic and Electrical Engineering, Wuhan Technical
University of Surveying and Mapping, and Hubei Medical University. The new Wuhan
University (named Wuhan University hereinafter) has a vast range of prospects of
development because it is a combination of 4 first-rate universities in China or in the
province (Three are China's key universities of "211 Project", and one is key one of Hubei
Province), whose favourable opportunities, terrain and the union arising from the fore out
of Chinese universities and colleges. Wuhan University of Hydraulic and Electrical
Engineering was the country's best university of comprehensive strength, Wuhan
Technical University of Surveying and Mapping was the best university with the disciplines
of survey and cartography in the world, Hubei Medical University was the province's one
key medical university as was established before 1949 and has kept developing until
now. The university is a natural whole with the disciplines of philosophy, economics, law,
education. Literature, history, sciences, engineering, agriculture, medicine and
management, 45,000-odd students including 12,000-odd postgraduates. It has been
authorized by the State Council to set up graduate schools, with 143 doctoral degrees
and 217 master programs ,15 post doc circulation stations. Another 20 have been
evaluated as state-level key disciplines, and 20 are listed as "211 Project" key discipline
to be constructed by the State.

The university now has 5,000-odd teachers, including 3,000-odd professes and
associate professors, 570-odd doctorate supervisors, 4 academicians of Chinese
Academy of sciences,5 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 2
academicians of the international Eurasian Academy of Sciences. The university has also
22 disciplines offering "the Changjiang River program awarding scholars" for the posts of
the special appointed professors.

During the past 10 years, Wuhan University completed thousands of natural sciences
research projects, among which many reached international advanced levels, many won
various awards including 40-odd ministerial or provincial awards each year. Time and
again, the university has been on the list of top Ten University in China for patent
application and SCI citation. Through making its scientific research achievements serve
the country's economic construction, the university has become a creation base uniting
teaching, research and production. In the domain of social sciences and human studies,
the university ever has its own traditional superiority with national, ministerial and
provincial awards on the top among Chinese Universities. It twice got the 2nd place in the
national appraisals of the excellent achievements in humanities and social sciences
research in the years of 1995 and 1998. Recently a great number of achievements with
even greater application value emerged, contributing a great deal to China's economic
construction and social progress.

Wuhan University boasts a campus which covers an area of 5508 mu and it has a
floorage of 2.42 million square metres. There are large modernized teaching buildings,
laboratory buildings, gymnasiums, sports grounds, swimming pools, archive buildings,
and a specimen building with more than 200,000 pieces of valuable animal and plant
specimens. The university's libraries have a collection of approximately 5.2 million
volumes, subscribe to more than 10,000 kinds of Chinese and foreign periodicals, are
the central-China canter officially decided for the "211 Project" documents--ensuring
system of the Chinese universities and colleges. It now has two key State-level
laboratories, three State-level discipline laboratories, two State-level research centers in
engineering, six national research bases for humanities and social sciences, and seven
national bases for fostering basic science personnel. Over twenty academic periodicals,
Wuhan University Journal included, are published by the university, which has its own
presses including an audiovisual material publishing house, colleges of foreign students
education and adult education, East Lake branch school, and three attached hospitals
which are all of first-class according to the official standard.

During the last ten years the university sent abroad thounds of members of different kinds
under various programs, invited 300 hundred famous foreign scholars and political
personages to be its part-time professors, honorary professors or guest professors, and
established relations of academic cooperation and exchanges with 200-odd universities,
colleges and scientific research institutions in more than 60 countries and regions.

During the past 100-odd years after its founding, Wuhan University gradually developed a
fine school spirit and study style of its own, i.e., "improve oneself, promote perseverance,
seek truth and make innovations", emphasis is laid on actively meeting the needs of
social development, incessantly reforming its pattern of personnel training and bringing
up high-level professional talents of all-round development of morality, intelligence and
physique. Since 1978, Wuhan University, bathed in the spring breeze of reform and
opening-up, and with a view to fostering talents at a quicker pace and in greater number,
has taken the lead among all the higher educational institutions nationwide in
implementing the tutorial system and the systems of credit, major minor courses, double
degrees and joining a class in the middle of the course, thus bringing up a great number
of outstanding talents for the society. To encourage the students to stand out in their
studies, the university has instituted the systems of graduating ahead of schedule and
recommending master degree candidates and doctorate candidates without
examination, and has put into practice the system of streaming graduate students at
midterm. The university has founded 100-odd kinds of scholarships with a total value of
10 million-odd Yuan awarding about 35 percent of the students. In its history of the past
100-odd years, the university has brought up for the country over 0.28 million specialized
personnel of various kinds, who are playing or have played an important part in various
domains and fronts, and many of whom have become the pillars of society.

The university's course over the past 100 years has been closely bound up with the
prosperity and decline of the motherland. It always has regarded China's rejuvenation as
its own responsibility and has been making contributions to the prosperity of China and
the progress of mankind. On the occasion of its centennial celebration in 1993, Jiang
Zemin, Li Peng and other Party and State leaders presented their inscriptions of
congratulations, while 47 colleges and universities aboard including Harvard University,
Yale University, and Tokyo University as well as various fraternal colleges and universities
at home either sent representatives to attend the celebration or sent us letter of
congratulations. In November 1995, Wuhan University was listed as one of China's most
celebrated universities by Science, an authoritative periodical in the international scientific
field. In the meantime, the university also successfully passed the preliminary
qualification assessment for "211 Project" and was included in the priority project for the
development of national key universities. In 1999, Wuhan University was fixed by the
Chinese central authorities as a university whose heads enjoy the (same) position of a
vice-minister of the State Council. On February 13th 2001, the Education Ministry and the
Leadership of Hubei Province decided to make efforts jointly in order to build Wuhan
University into a "high-level university well known both at home and abroad".

Benefited from the brilliant achievements achieved during the past hundred years, the
four universities' cream and the new favourable opportunities of development, and
stimulated by the new challenge, Wuhan University is working hard for building a number
of disciplines with the first-rate levels in the world, bring development in the relevant
discipline circles of the world, achieving a large number of achievements in basic
theoretical and high-technological studies, which are important, creative and even
epoch-making, and fostering quite many personnel having high qualities and original
ideas. By the year of 2010, it will be built into a high-level university well known both at
home and abroad as well as a main force for vitalizing China and Hubei through science
and education. On this basis, still greater efforts are to be make to raise the teaching,
scientific research and every other work of the university to international advanced levels
so that the university can enjoy high position and great prestige in the international
academic circles before the middle twenty-first century when Wuhan University will be
built into a first-rate university of the world.
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