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Guangzhou stands at the confluence of the East River, West River and North River, with
south-west parts. It adjoins the South China Sea, and is crisscross with rivers and
streams and has a south subtropical marine climate.
The average year-round temperature is 22°C. August is the hottest month, with an
average temperature of 28°C. January is the coldest month, with an average of 13C.
The rainy season falls between April and August. Average annual rainfall is 1,720 mm.
Guangzhou has advanced agriculture, abounding in rice, sugarcanes, fruits,
freshwater fish and oil crops. Its mineral resources include coal, salt, copper, iron,
zinc, lead and limestone.Flowers bloom there all year round, hence its name as the
City of Flowers, which is one of the several nick names of Guangzhou.
Guangzhou is the largest and most flourishing industrial and foreign trade center in
south China. A China Export Commodities Fair is held in Guangzhou in the spring and
autumn every year since 1957. Guangzhou's industry covers a large range of items
such as machinery, shipbuilding, textiles, sugar-refinery, household electrical
appliances, computers, petrochemicals, light industrial products for daily use, rubber
products and garments. The Guangzhou Economic and Technological Development
Zone situated in Huangpu has already taken shape.
Guangzhou is also a communication hub of Guangdong Province, with railways and
highways radiating in all directions, and convenient inland-water, coastal and ocean
transport. Huangpu is the biggest seaport in the South, ranking fifth in volume of freight
handled in China. Its airport stands also in the forefront in passenger transport.
A modern city in China, Guangzhou is the political, economic, educational, cultural as
well as scientific and technological center in South China. It is also a tourist city. There
are more than 150 famed scenes and sights in Guangzhou, and a good variety of
modern facilities for recreation and entertainment. Main tourist attractions include
Ancestral Temple of Chen Family, Flowery Pagoda in Liurong Temple, Baosheng
Temple and Sever-star Crags in Zhaoqing, Ancestral Temple in Foshan and hot
springs in Conghua.
Efforts are being made to build Guangzhou into an international metropolis functioning
primarily as the biggest financial, high-tech and light industrial, as well as
communication and transport center in South China.
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