China, (People's Republic of China), is situated in eastern Asia, bounded by the pacific in the east. The third
largest country in the world, next to Canada and world's land mass
There are 6,536 islands larger than 500 square meters, the largest is Taiwan, with a total area of about
36,000 square kilometers, and the second, Hainan. The South China Sea Islands are the southernmost
island group of China.
CAPITAL: BEIJING (Area: 16,800 square kilometers; Population: 12.59 million)
China can be visited through out the year because of the stretch of its territories and sites and activities it can
offer. Deciding when to visit China depends on which places you wish to visit, what type of weather you enjoy,
and how much a bargain you want. China is a huge country with many different climates and types of
landscape. Think of it in terms of the United States, which China resembles in size and shape. Traveling
along the Golden Route (Beijing, Xian, Shanghai, Guilin) is like visiting New York, Chicago, Santa Fe, and
Jacksonville, Florida all in one trip.
April, May, September and October are the peak tourist months at China’s most popular destinations when
the weather is most comfortable. Prices drop a bit in the shoulder season, which runs from November
through March and from June through August. However, the winter months are peak season for trips to China’
s Hainan Island and to the Northeast Harbin for its world-famous ice-lantern festival. This months are also
packed with New Year holidays, Chinese Spring Festival and other national or local happy fairs. Summer
months are great time to explore China’s Far East-Manchuria.
- Spring: 10-22°C, Western suits, jackets, sports coats, woolen jackets, long sleeve shirts and travel
- Summer: 22°C and above, T-shirts, short sleeve shirts, skirts, sandals, caps, rain wear.
- Autumn: 10-22°C, Western suits, jackets, sports coats, light woolen sweaters, rain wear and travel
- Winter: 10°C or lower, overcoat, cotton clothes, lined coats. In very cold areas a cap, gloves and cotton-
padded shoes are required.
world, has a written history of 4,000 years and
boasts rich cultural relics and historical sites. It
is the inventor The Great Wall, Grand Canal
and Karez irrigation system are three great
ancient engineering projects built 2,000 years
ago. Now they are the symbols of the rich
culture of the Chinese nation. China has gone
over a long history of primitive society, slavery
society, feudal society and semi-feudal semi-
colonial society and the present socialist
Areas are in the tropical or subtropical zone while different areas are
complicated. For instance, northern Heilongjiang Province has a winter climate
the year round without summer, while areas are in the tropical or subtropical
zone while Hainan Island has a summer climate the year northern areas are in
the frigid zone. Climates in round without winter. The following is a reference
table for tourists to prepare clothing on their trips.
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Main Ports of Entry:
Air: Beijing, Chengdu, Dalian, Guangzhou, Hangzhou,
Harbin, Urumqi, Xiamen and Xi'an.
Land: Alataw, Baketu, Erenhot, Kunjirap, Manzhouli,
Mohe, Nyalam (Zhangmu), Pingxiang, Ruili, Suifenhe,
Tumen, Wanding, Xunke and Yadong.
Water: Beihai, Dalian, Dangdong, Guangzhou, Haikou,
Hankou, Huangpu, Jiujiang, Lianyungang, Nanjing,
Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Sanya, Shanghai,
Shantou, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Weihai, Yangzhou, Yantai,
Zhangjiang and Zhenjiang.
All of China is in the same time zone: GMT+8 hours, 13
hours ahead of New York, and 2 hours behind
Melbourne. China uses Beijing time as the standard
time for the entire nation.
China's official currency is the Renminbi (RMB) or
"people's currency." The basic unit is the yuan (also
sometimes less formally called "kuai"), which is equal
10 jiao (or "mao"), which can then be divided into 10
fen. Paper currency comes in 1, 2, 5, 10, 50 and 100